Phenotyping of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a group of syndromes which depict common general symptoms, but differ in several more detailed aspects. It is characterized by airway obstruction, difficulty in breathing, chest tightness, and wheezing. Major causes of COPD are tobacco smoking, environmental pollutants, toxic chemicals and fumes, and microbial infections. COPD is among the […]